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Micropigmentation does not replace habitual makeup, it only conceals small defects.


When thinking about permanent makeup always our mind has the concept of ‘going all day painted’, but micropigmentation is not exactly that. Permanent makeup is a technique that allows to shape and color our lips , eyes or eyebrows , as well as cover scars or tattoos .
Therefore it is a method that seeks to disguise the small defects we all have and make our features much more attractive. What’s more, if the permanent makeup is well done and the result is good, you will see more attractive but without anyone noticing anything strange in the face .
Technically speaking, micropigmentation is a painless process that consists of the implantation of specific pigments – using a very fine needle that injects the chosen color – into the epidermis that generate precisely this effect of ‘permanent makeup’.

Once the professional beautician or a doctor has introduced the pigments, the recovery time varies depending on the type of skin of each person . Usually there is a small swelling that is visible between three and seven days after which you will appreciate the result of the ‘intervention’.

Corrects imperfections with permanent make-up Corrects imperfections with permanent make-up
When the swelling completely remits, let another week pass so that the inner part of the skin is restored and it will be then when you can return to completely normal makeup on the area or apply any other cosmetic .

As for the duration of the treatment, the permanent makeup lasts between one and two years , depending on the type of skin of each person and the care and products that are applied on the area.

And is that the pigments are gradually being absorbed by the skin , so if you want to keep your makeup permanent you have to do touch-ups from time to time.

Permanent Makeup: Risks and Benefits

Esthetic. Dermopigmentation is a natural option for keeping makeup 24 hours a day.

The excess of work that has the current women has led them to opt for a permanent makeup, as an alternative of saving in time compared to being applied common makeup. But what does this type of makeup consist of? According to the dermatologist and cosmetologist Fernanda Pérez, permanent makeup can alleviate the hassle of having to make up every day. However, it is a serious cosmetic procedure and it is important to assess the risks along with the benefits, he says.

According to Perez, permanent makeup mimics the appearance of lipstick and eyeliner, eyebrows and eyeliner. It is done through a process called dermopigmentation, in which a pencil to make tattoos is used to inject permanent ink into the skin. Each procedure lasts between 30 and 120 minutes and doctors use a local anesthetic to numb the area to be tattooed. Like any tattoo, in principle the color will be brighter or darker and then lose intensity. The area will be swollen between 2 and 5 days; And a scab will form before it heals.

Take into account

Also, it is important to clarify that this type of makeup although its name indicates “permanent”, is not definitive; But long lasting. “It has an approximate duration of 5 years, then the work needs to be retouched to make it look perfect again at the beginning,” Pérez says. In this sense, there are factors that cause the color of the tattoo to weaken, such as sun, cigarette, dry skin or the application of products with glycolic acid in the area of ​​the tattoo.

“The most obvious benefit of permanent makeup is to wake up every day with your face ready,” says the expert. And he adds: “you can swim, exercise, bathe and wake up and still look beautiful. This cosmetic alternative is ideal for women who travel constantly. Other women opt for permanent makeup when they have lost hair due to chemo, accidents, burns or cosmetic surgery; in other cases they find it difficult to apply make-up due to age or diseases, such as arthritis; And do not forget the allergy that makes them make up some women.

Before undergoing a dermopigmentation, you first have to make sure that the place and the person who will perform the procedure have all the permits up to date and better if recommended by someone you trust. As a user, a color and allergy test should be required, since the pigments used are both organic and inorganic, but they are the first ones that can cause allergy in some people.

Most common areas

Perez points out that the most common is to tattoo the upper and lower line of the eyelid occupying black, gray or dark blue tones to not harden the look so much. Also, there are those who touch the contour of the lips to have them poorly defined or very irregular, “this should be in a natural tone,” warns the specialist. Another point where the tattoo is used a lot is in the eyebrows, whose request is common in older women. Actually, this procedure makes the woman look very young, but all this goes in the quality of the tattoo artist or expert so that the effect is well done.


Victoria Morante (1), Betty Sandoval (2) Patricia Chávez De Paz (3)

(1) Assistant Physician of the Dermatology Service of Dos de Mayo Hospital. Assistant Professor of Dermatology UNMSM. UP
(2) Assistant Physician of the Dermatology Service of Hospital Grau. ESSALUD. Pro, guest professor of dermatology UPCH. Associate Professor UNMSM.
(3) Resident of third year of Dermatology of Dos de Mayo Hospital.

Micropigmentation is a technology that is developing and requires years of experience and training. Permanent Makeup is a micro pigment implant in the skin (epidermis) that can be applied to the eyebrows, edge of the eyes and edge of the lips, with a device designed for this purpose.
The most important aspect of micropigmentation is to obtain a uniformity of tones.
The purpose of micropigmentation in medicine is to correct pigment loss or discoloration (Vitiligo) (1, 1, 6).


Permanent Makeup originated in East Asia, mainly in Hong Kong and Taiwan. The procedure was modified from the tattoo, in China and Japan. The difference is that the tattoo requires a deeper penetration of the pigment into the skin (dermis) and the colors are not removable.
The Permanent Makeup pigment is implanted in the epidermis, 0.07 mm, so the color can be removable. Color lasts approximately 5 to 7 years


Micropigmentation is the introduction of pigment granules, of different shades, into the dermal tissue, with the aid of very thin needles, which are connected to a Dermograph (electric or electronic), responsible for provoking the necessary back and forth movements. That the pigment is deposited in the r


From the histopathological point of view, the skin undergoing a dermopigmentation process passes through four stages (ZWERLING, 1986).

First stage: After the treatment is carried out, there is inflammation secondary to trauma, caused by repeated penetration of the needles to deposit the pigment. In this phase there is an increase in vascular permeability and serous exudate, with an increase in the migration of leucocytes and macrophages by chynotaxis. Free pigment particles can be seen in the epidermis and dermis.

Second stage: The process of healing begins, with the formation of a small crust on a superficial level.

Leukocytes are replaced by lymphocytes, cosinophils, giant cells, and plasma cells. At this stage, the macrophages begin ingesting pigment particles. The formation of the sample, which lasts about 4-5 days, gives the impression that the color has darkened; This deceptive appreciation disappears when the crust falls.

Third phase: It starts around day 10 post treatment. In this period the repair of the epidermis, remodeling of the collagen of the dermis and redistribution of the pigment particles takes place, being eliminated the granules that had been deposited in the upper layers of the epidermis by cellular renewal.
In this phase there is a decrease in the tonality for two reasons:
Loss of crust.
Removal of the pigment from the first layers of the epidermis by cell renewal,

Fourth stage: Total dermis repair occurs. The pigment particles are distributed between the collagen fibers and around the capillaries of the dermis. The granules located near the hair bulbs are quickly removed by sebaceous secretion, resulting in a greater loss of color, just at the hair margins. Few macrophages are observed.


Vitiligo and leucodennia localized Alopecia of eyebrows or eyelashes.
Correction of scars.
Pigmentation of bowels after mastectomies, etc. Lip augmentation technique.
Demarcation of cleft lip.
Blepharopigmentation in people with excessive bleeding. Comfort.
Pigmentation of dark circles, etc.



The devices used in Dermopigmentación consist of an engine, which transmits movements of reciprocating to the tip, in which the needles are inserted.
The needles usually have a diameters ranging from 0.25 to 1.75 mm (depending on the device). You can use heads for 1, 3.5 and 8 needles, depending on the work to be performed
The depth of penetration of the needle should be between 0.8 and 1.6 nim, to avoid permanent tattoos in the Jeaso of purely decorative dermopigmentations.


According to current legislation, Pigments for Mieropigmentation must meet the following requirements: on the labeling must be specified the composition, which must be known, batch, expiration date, company and manufacturer

– Do not be toxic.
– Do not irritate the tissues.
– Sterile of origin.
– Made up of inert ingredients (iron oxide).
– No density changes.
– Particles larger than 6 microns, so that the
Macrophages are more difficult to ingest and
Stay longer in the treated area.
– Low solubility (greater stability).

– Organic Pigments
– Inorganic Pigments

The organic pigment has as fundamental element in its composition the Carbon. They have some advantages but the drawbacks are larger (higher incidence of reactions – they are less stable – risk of migrations are formed by particles of different sizes). For this reason, inorganic pigments, whose fundamental composition is iron oxide (DELUALLE, 1997) (1, ‘, 1), are more advisable.

Benefits of inorganic pigments:

– Possibility of allergies, practically nil. However, it is
Prudent to practice an allergy test behind the ear.
– Particulates of large particles, thus avoiding degradation. ?? Greater fixation, the color is degraded foriria more uniform.

Disadvantages of inorganic pigments:
– Less bright and intense colors.
– Be careful with the colors white and beige because they contain in their composition titanium oxide, zinc oxide and the particles are large (more than 15 microns); Both reasons make difficult its elimination.


It is essential, to be a good technician in Dermopigmentation, to know the basic rules by which colors are governed; So we will avoid long-term surprises, with changes in the color chosen primarily.


Some people require anesthesia and some do not.
– Anesthesia jelly, 4% lidocaine gel. The skin achieves
A numbness within 15 minutes of its application.
– Anesthesia by injection in the area to work
– Anesthesia due to trunk block (infraorbital,
Supraorbital, etc.).

When we want to obtain a more intense, marked and fine line we will use less pointed needles, whereas if we want a thick but less dense tracing, we will get it with needles with a greater number of points.

The eyebrow, eyelid or lip are then drawn with a pencil, after which, after obtaining the shape of the outline, the nucropigments are applied, with a machine having a needle for the penetration of the pigment; The excess material will be wiped with a wet cotton swab; Will reapply until the desired color is achieved. The final color will appear approximately 7 to 15 days, after the crusting (1,4,5).
It is important to keep the skin very tight to avoid pinching it with the needle.
The angle of access to the skin at 90 degrees allows a well delimited tracing.
The pigment is on the surface of the skin; In the epidermis the depth may range from 0.07 to 0, 12 mm.
When using organic pigments, it is recommended to perform a patch test on the skin 30 days before its application; The area to be tested is behind the ear, where the pigment will be applied; This will show if the area where the implant will be made has some susceptibility to an adverse reaction. Since the ingredients of the organic pigments are different, it is necessary to perform a patch test separately for each pigment.
The apparatus for the penetration of the micropigments carries a needle attachment, which is disposable, so that the needle and the packaging for the needle; Therefore, it prevents some infection like AIDS, hepatitis, etc.

Summarizing the postoperative:
– In the first week there is an increase of the chosen tone. ?? In the 2 nd week there is a decrease.
– In the Y week stabilizes the color.
This is why it is not recommended to touch up before 21 days.

The use of the micropigment implant in Vitiligo is suggested when it comes to small lesions and when there is a stabilization of the process; The color is achieved by combining shades of light brown with peach color.

– Active dermatoses.
– History or evidence of keloids.
– Pregnancy.
– Psychiatric disorders (hypochondria, depression, etc.)? Blood dyscrasias

Permanent makeup, the technique that allows you to look beautiful 24/7

It can be applied to different areas of the face and even the body. The procedure is not painful and the results last up to five years.

Do you like to be flawless at any time of the day, even when you wake up in the morning? If so, then this beauty technique is right for you. It is permanent makeup, an alternative to which have used some famous to look good 24 hours, seven days a week. In Chile, one of the places where this procedure is performed is at the Les Gémeaux Esthetique Center . Doris Martínez, esthetician and cosmetologist at this establishment, explains that women who use it the most are those who do not have much time and also those who, although beautiful, want to look even better. Other types of clients are women who have few eyebrows or eyelashes, either because of their physiognomy (for example blondes) or for other reasons; As well as those who are not satisfied with the thickness of their lips and try with this technique before undergoing any more invasive intervention. But what does permanent makeup consist of? “It’s like a kind of tattoo,” Doris Martinez explains in simple terms, adding that “like all makeup, it is used to enhance and enhance factions.” For their application they use mineral and natural pigments, which penetrate the epidermis with the help of brushes or very thin needles. “The suffering is minimal, it is not a painful treatment,” says the expert, but adds that a local anesthetic is used to numb the area where it will be worked. He also asserts that the needles with which the pigments are applied are disposable and sterilized, as are all other devices used in the procedure.

Just do not come and do it. “First we have to make an evaluation, because many times the people who arrive do not know what they want and if they know, sometimes it is not the most appropriate for their face,” says Doris Martinez. The next step is to do a test on the skin, on the one hand to avoid allergic reactions and, on the other, for the client to approve the suggestion of the specialists (in Les Gémeaux are cosmetologists and makeup artists). And if an agreement is reached, it is applied to sessions that do not extend for more than an hour. Various Uses Doris Martinez maintains that permanent makeup “allows women to be always ready, without having to watch the mirror”. It also states that it is useful for those who suffer from allergies to cosmetics, while helping the economy (as it is not necessary to buy makeup), and corrects and conceals imperfections. In this sense, the main areas in which it is used are: – Eyebrows: thicken, sharpen, shorten, lengthen, shade, imitate hair for hair and even give them a three-dimensional effect. – Lips: with it it is possible to correct irregularities in the edges, asymmetries, cracks, highlight their color, as well as add definition and fullness. – Eyelids: enhances the eyelashes, either delicately or intensely. In this case, the permanent makeup is applied in the spaces between the lashes. However, this technique not only seeks a goal of beauty, but also a more therapeutic. This is the case of people who use it to camouflage scars, such as acne, and even have women who have undergone a mastectomy due to breast cancer and have a breast prosthesis. “(In those cases) sometimes the areolas are not the same, then with the makeup is achieved the symmetry in both,” explains the expert. According to Doris Martínez, the naturalness of the results depends on the degree of experience that the professional who has the job has, and that is why he calls those who are interested in him, to inquire about the background of the person to whom they turn. Advice that must be taken into account, since although it does not last a lifetime, this type of makeup does remain for between three and five years. “It’s not forever, because the face changes with the passing of the years,” explains the beautician and cosmetologist. In this way, the colors are more alive when the makeup is freshly applied and, as time goes by, they gradually dilute and lower their intensity. At that moment, if the woman wants to apply again, it can go to another evaluation with the specialists so that they look for the best alternative, taking into account the modifications that have experienced his face, such as the appearance of wrinkles. Does it require any special care? The expert argues that for results to last as long as possible, it is important to avoid exposure of the treated area to UV rays. “It is advisable to wear sunscreen on the eyebrows, sunglasses for the line of eyes, protector on the lips,” he says. Doris Martinez adds that no other precautionary measure is necessary and even ensures that it is possible to perform other beauty procedures, such as skin cleansing, for example, in complete safety.


Makeup for every occasion

Makeup for every occasion

The choice of tones to make up is very important to get the desired result for every occasion whether it is for the office, a wedding and an evening party.

Wapa s here are some tips for these makeup

How to make-up to go to the office

In this case you have to use makeup to give a serious and professional image , but without attracting attention and according to the professional scope.

The look, in general, will depend on the type of work, but there are some general guidelines that can be taken into account.

1. Base . Hide dark circles and blemishes with color corrector. Apply a natural base that matches the skin tone, choose a matte variety to avoid glare.

2. Eyes . Delineate your eyes to make them stand out, but follow the line of the eyes without blurring. Use neutral shades in the shades and eyelash mask in dark brown or soft black.

3. Blush . Peach blush or rose-peach blush is perfect. Apply it gently on the cheekbones with a brush.

4. Lips . Matte pink to lightly highlight the color of the lips. Another option is the lip gloss that maintains natural lips, but without attracting attention.

Makeup for a wedding

Tricks to be dazzling as a guest at a wedding without overshadowing the bride.

It is necessary to adapt the look to the place where the celebration takes place, there are very daring options for the ceremonies in the field or on the beach.

– Look of day . Natural face, cheeks with color and rosy lips or coral. If you bet on a nude style look, make your lips the protagonists. The makeup can be in pink tones and red lips or even in fuchsia tones.

– Look at night . Choose between emphasizing your eyes or your lips. To emphasize the look (especially if you wear a headdress with a grid on the face) uses silver, gold, black and gray tones; Or even smokey eyes , in this case the nude lips are the best combination. For striking lips use red and burgundy and keep your eyes clean and your cheeks natural.

Night Makeup

The darkness allows for a more intense makeup, you can use metallic tones or even a touch of brightness .

1. Base . The base of makeup on the face should be natural to cover imperfections, so that the look is the protagonist.

2. Eyes . In the eyes is the time to use smokey eyes , flashy colors and almost any type of makeup that you can think of. Special importance of eyeliner.

3. Lips . In this case the lips should be natural and in light tones. For dark skin better browns and oranges, and for whites, roses and neutral tones.

Another option may be false eyelashes, which give your makeup the glamor necessary for a party. The easiest option is to choose a strip, if you lack experience.

Permanent Makeup FAQ

Frequently asked questions about permanent makeup

Permanent makeup – What is it?
The makeup cosmetic permanent tattoo cosmetic. The specialized techniques used for permanent cosmetics are often referred to as “micropigmentation”, “micropigment implantation” or “dermagraphics”. The implantation technique cosmetic deposited pigment colored in the reticular layer of the top of the dermis. See also “Is permanent makeup for me?”
How do I make the procedures permanent cosmetics?
Procedures permanent cosmetics is performed using several devices, including the traditional machines, coil tattoo, the pen or rotary machine (includes the rotating machines digital) and the device does not machine or hand. The process includes a consultation, application of pigment, and at least one or more follow-up visits to evaluate the work of design and curing and the color of the pigment.

Who benefits from permanent makeup?
Individuals who meet the minimum age requirements and have the ability to heal properly from minor wounds can benefit from the benefits eluting permanent cosmetics. Interest in this service spans the young to the more mature, who want a lift soft, natural look. It is especially valuable for people who are unable to use cosmetic traditional due to allergies and sensitivity of the skin; active People who want to look their best for sports activities such as swimming, hiking, biking, tennis, aerobics; And those who do not want to worry about “sweating” or reapplying cosmetics. Permanent cosmetics also benefits the vision challenged who have difficulty applying their cosmetics; And others with conditions related to the skill such as arthritis, Parkinson’s disease, multiple sclerosis, survivors of stroke, and busy individuals who do not have time to move the application and the makeup refreshing throughout the day and night.
What type of procedures permanent cosmetics can do?
Procedures permanent cosmetics can be very subtle or dramatic depending on what you are looking for. The options include:
Eyeliner, top and bottom
Lipliner, lip color and blend
Camouflage of the scar, marks of beauty, an imitation of the hair, improvement of the lash, and Repigmentation of the areola
NOTE: Some of these procedures use more advanced techniques (technical-medical) and thus require an experienced technician with advanced training.

Does the permanent cosmetics are really permanent?
Procedures permanent cosmetics are considered permanent because pigment is tattooed into the mesh part of the top of the dermal layer of the skin and cannot be washed off. However, as with any tattoo or colorant (pigment) in general, fading can occur and often occur, requiring periodic maintenance referred to re-enhancement or color refreshing color. The scientific structure of pigments and the requirement for refreshment newspaper is identical to the color of color-treated hair; Material fading on furniture that may be located near a window and subject to sun exposure; house Painting that is exposed to the sun and other environmental elements; pigment implanted in the skin may fade with time. This requirement of periodic maintenance of the dye is a good opportunity to re-evaluate the color and design preferences. While the concept of permanent, without any change, it may seem an idea is perfectly good, think of how your tastes have changed over the years. Once in a while it is likely you have made subtle changes or dramatic in their preferences of clothing, the color of your hair and the style, and if you use the makeup topic, those colors have changed as well. The fact that the majority of people will require a refresh of color newspaper of their permanent Cosmetics is the opportune time to work with your technician to reevaluate your profile and general appearance and determine if changes are appropriate.Longevity varies from person to person depending on their life style (sun exposure), the colors used for the permanent cosmetic Procedure, and is also believed to be affected by topical products applied to the skin.
See also ” what Remains permanent makeup permanent?”

How much does it cost for permanent makeup?
The average cost per procedure varies but usually average between $ 400- $ 800. The advanced work may be charged at $ 150 to $ 250 per hour. Many of these procedures are commonly referred to as procedures-medical. The cost of the procedure should not be the most important issue when consulting a professional permanent cosmetic potential. What is more important is the training and skill of the person performing the procedure and the confidence of the client in that skill . ”
How long is each procedure?
The initial procedure will take generally about 2 to 2 ½ hours; There are records to establish; Photographs to take; Design and color to discuss; The procedure to perform; And the requirements of after-care to discuss. The procedures in the re-launch of the color up or color usually do not require the same amount of time.
Is it painful?
Most people experience some discomfort. This will vary depending on the pain threshold of each individual. However, there are different methods available to assist with the management of discomfort, including various topical anesthetics that are specifically developed for our industry. Her professional permanent cosmetic should discuss these methods with you to determine what is appropriate. To put this in perspective, thousands of tattoos of body art are performed annually, possibly millions. As a rule, professional, traditional tattoo do not use any anesthetic for their procedures of the tattoo. Anesthetics for permanent cosmetics are more of a luxury service of tattoo because of the nature of the location of the tattoo and the fact that permanent cosmetics falls in the category of beauty treatment. See also ” what Harm is permanent makeup? ”
How safe is it?
If they meet the appropriate standards of sterilization and disinfection, permanent cosmetics should be completely safe. Professionals of the cosmetic industry standing routinely attend classes in Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) to become familiar with the principles of safety. These guidelines include, but are not limited to the following: important Things to look for:
All needles should be new and sterile for each client. New needles and sterile, without opening, must be opened in your presence.
Parts disposable disposable one-time use of the machine must be purchased by the artist, and disposed of in a container of sharp objects immediately after the procedure has been completed.
The personal protective equipment, such as aprons and disposable gloves single use, must be new for each client and changed during the procedure when necessary.
The technician should be clean and tidy.
Disposable one-time use chair / bed cover should be new for each client.
The room or treatment area should be in an area free from other contaminants. The SPCP has taken a position against the procedures permanent cosmetics carried out at trade fairs and in classrooms where there is dust of cloves, sprays, or other chemicals present.
See also “Permanent Makeup Tattooing and the Truth” and ” What should I expect? ”

What happens if I do not like?
Although the procedure is considered permanent, these procedures do have flexibility in changing color and shape to some extent, depending on the experience of your technician. The colors will appear darker immediately after the procedure, but will soften and lighten during the healing process. The healing time is different for each individual and procedure. It is very important to realize that often the new procedure represents something somewhat different; At times color where there was no color at all or very little. It takes time to acclimatize to a new appearance (very often this applies to eyebrows which were sparse and unnoticeable before the eyebrow cosmetic permanent procedure.) The color Eyeliner is more evident due to the contrast with the color of the skin. The color of the lip can take up to six weeks to reflect the final color. Be patient. After the procedure has healed, and you can make an informed decision about the version cured of the procedure, the only reason that you should not have a taste of their products permanent cosmetics is if you chose a technician who did not work with you on design and color. How could he pass this up?
If you cannot communicate with your technician, it is possible that their wishes are not carried out.
If your technician recognizes your requests, but does not take into account your wishes for color or design, you should not continue with the procedure.
Do not ask for the eyebrow color based on your color of dyed hair from the scalp. This is subject to change and may affect how you feel about the color of your eyebrows permanent. The color of the eyebrow should be selected on the basis of skin tone and hair color of the eyebrow (if there is one).
On the contrary, the majority of technicians are well-trained not to perform a procedure if the design and / or colour requested by the client is not reasonable. If their applications are rejected by one or more technicians, re-think what you are asking.