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Micropigmentation does not replace habitual makeup, it only conceals small defects.


When thinking about permanent makeup always our mind has the concept of ‘going all day painted’, but micropigmentation is not exactly that. Permanent makeup is a technique that allows to shape and color our lips , eyes or eyebrows , as well as cover scars or tattoos .
Therefore it is a method that seeks to disguise the small defects we all have and make our features much more attractive. What’s more, if the permanent makeup is well done and the result is good, you will see more attractive but without anyone noticing anything strange in the face .
Technically speaking, micropigmentation is a painless process that consists of the implantation of specific pigments – using a very fine needle that injects the chosen color – into the epidermis that generate precisely this effect of ‘permanent makeup’.

Once the professional beautician or a doctor has introduced the pigments, the recovery time varies depending on the type of skin of each person . Usually there is a small swelling that is visible between three and seven days after which you will appreciate the result of the ‘intervention’.

Corrects imperfections with permanent make-up Corrects imperfections with permanent make-up
When the swelling completely remits, let another week pass so that the inner part of the skin is restored and it will be then when you can return to completely normal makeup on the area or apply any other cosmetic .

As for the duration of the treatment, the permanent makeup lasts between one and two years , depending on the type of skin of each person and the care and products that are applied on the area.

And is that the pigments are gradually being absorbed by the skin , so if you want to keep your makeup permanent you have to do touch-ups from time to time.

Tattoos and Permanent Makeup

Some women get tattoos for beauty, personal expression or cultural events. Whatever your reason, know the facts before and after getting a tattoo. Permanent tattoos last a lifetime. Temporary tattoos can last up to 3 or 4 weeks. Tattoos with decals last from hours to days.

Types of Tattoos

Permanent Tattoos: A needle inserts colored ink into the skin.
Permanent makeup: A needle inserted into the skin colored ink that looks like makeup, such as eyeliner, lip or eyebrow or other makeup.
Henna: To dye the skin uses a vegetal ink called henna or mehndi.
Black henna: Developed from henna, it may contain hair dye or other dye to darken the dye and make it last longer.
Temporary Tattoo Made with Decals: The tattoo design is on a piece of paper covered with an adhesive substance, which is then applied to the skin with water.
Risks of tattoos
Problems can occur.

Permanent eyeliner problems

Infections and serious illnesses, such as HIV or hepatitis, due to dirty tools, practices or products.
Allergic reactions to inks or dyes can cause skin problems, such as rashes.
Other skin problems, such as increased chance of sunburn, lumpiness, redness or scars.
Inflammation and burn of the tattoo when undergoing an MRI.
Pain and high costs if you want to remove a permanent tattoo.
Contact your state or local health department to request information about tattoo safety to reduce your risk. Tell your doctor about the tattoos you have before undergoing a medical procedure.
Function of the FDA
The FDA:

Has not approved any ink to inject it into the skin.
Has not approved henna or hair dye for use on the skin. Some people have reported severe skin problems after using henna or black henna.
It does not regulate the tattoo parlors.
Oversees the problems caused by tattoos and permanent makeup.
Report any problems at: www.fda.gov/medwatch or by calling 1-800-332-1088.
How to Remove a Tattoo

Removing permanent tattoos can be difficult and painful. You may need several treatments that cost a lot of money. Talk to your doctor about your options.


You may not be able to remove the tattoo completely.
When you remove the tattoo, you may have scars.
Laser Removal
The FDA approves certain laser devices to remove tattoos. It is more difficult to remove lighter colors such as yellow, green and red than dark colors such as dark blue and black. It may take 6 to 10 treatments to remove a tattoo. Some side effects may include bleeding, redness, or pain.


Sometimes, tattoos can be removed by cutting off the tattooed skin and then suturing the skin. Other times, the skin can be sanded to remove the tattoo.

Ointments and creams

The FDA does not approve ointments and creams to remove tattoos or equipment to remove tattoos of own elaboration. These products can cause rashes, burns or scars.

5 Myths and Truths About Permanent Makeup

Any procedure that involves “putting your hand” on some area of ​​the face can arouse fears and controversy. Permanent makeup procedures are common today covering areas such as eyes, eyebrows and the outline of the mouth, in order to highlight the most pleasant features of the face permanently.

A woman with make-up over her eyes

Permanent makeup on the eyes is a way to take advantage of the positive features of this specific area permanently saving years of makeup and therefore money. With this procedure will improve or correct features of the body, using a natural process called micropigmentation similar to the process of tattooing to fix it on the skin.

The Myths and Truths of Permanent Makeup
Many women have rhythms of life so agitated that at times to maintain a routine of makeup becomes complicated, so they opt for this procedure of a merely aesthetic nature. Permanent eye delineation can arouse fears and prejudices regarding what will be the end result? This is due in part to those myths that hover around this. So let’s explain what those myths and truths behind permanent eye makeup are.

Myth 1: The makeup will look fake and forced
The truth: One of the biggest fears about this procedure is that it will look bad, false or bad taste, but it is the opposite, with micropigmentation the finish will be natural, so much it will look freshly applied, you will not have to worry about looking Arranged and made up at all times, this will do the work for you.

Do not stop reading:
How to get more attractive lashes
Myth 2: Permanent makeup is forever!
Permanent makeup 2

The truth: Calm, although the permanent word alarms you does not mean that this procedure will be forever, the pigments can last from 3 to 5 years maximum , if you feel at ease with the results you can use the retouching from time to time to sharpen the outline .

Myth 3: Conceals imperfections and also scars
The truth: This myth is completely real, with permanent makeup on the eyes or any other area of ​​the body will be easier to hide scars and imperfections to this is due to its high popularity.

Myth 4: Risk of losing your eyelashes
The truth: This procedure is not related to the loss of the eyelashes, it is something completely separate since the treatment is superficial.

Myth 5: Permanent makeup has future risks
The truth: Permanent make-up is only rare if it is not done in a specialized center with qualified personnel, that is why it is necessary that more than for the costs points to a good quality in the service. Infections, the appearance of granules and poor application are possible consequences of attending centers with little experience or dubious reputation. Be careful.

This procedure is ideal for women who want to look flawless at any time, who is bold and seeks to stand out. If you want to highlight your beauty, to wear a seductive look and give your face a youthful look do not hesitate to apply permanent makeup to your eyes.

Permanent Makeup: Risks and Benefits

Esthetic. Dermopigmentation is a natural option for keeping makeup 24 hours a day.

The excess of work that has the current women has led them to opt for a permanent makeup, as an alternative of saving in time compared to being applied common makeup. But what does this type of makeup consist of? According to the dermatologist and cosmetologist Fernanda Pérez, permanent makeup can alleviate the hassle of having to make up every day. However, it is a serious cosmetic procedure and it is important to assess the risks along with the benefits, he says.

According to Perez, permanent makeup mimics the appearance of lipstick and eyeliner, eyebrows and eyeliner. It is done through a process called dermopigmentation, in which a pencil to make tattoos is used to inject permanent ink into the skin. Each procedure lasts between 30 and 120 minutes and doctors use a local anesthetic to numb the area to be tattooed. Like any tattoo, in principle the color will be brighter or darker and then lose intensity. The area will be swollen between 2 and 5 days; And a scab will form before it heals.

Take into account

Also, it is important to clarify that this type of makeup although its name indicates “permanent”, is not definitive; But long lasting. “It has an approximate duration of 5 years, then the work needs to be retouched to make it look perfect again at the beginning,” Pérez says. In this sense, there are factors that cause the color of the tattoo to weaken, such as sun, cigarette, dry skin or the application of products with glycolic acid in the area of ​​the tattoo.

“The most obvious benefit of permanent makeup is to wake up every day with your face ready,” says the expert. And he adds: “you can swim, exercise, bathe and wake up and still look beautiful. This cosmetic alternative is ideal for women who travel constantly. Other women opt for permanent makeup when they have lost hair due to chemo, accidents, burns or cosmetic surgery; in other cases they find it difficult to apply make-up due to age or diseases, such as arthritis; And do not forget the allergy that makes them make up some women.

Before undergoing a dermopigmentation, you first have to make sure that the place and the person who will perform the procedure have all the permits up to date and better if recommended by someone you trust. As a user, a color and allergy test should be required, since the pigments used are both organic and inorganic, but they are the first ones that can cause allergy in some people.

Most common areas

Perez points out that the most common is to tattoo the upper and lower line of the eyelid occupying black, gray or dark blue tones to not harden the look so much. Also, there are those who touch the contour of the lips to have them poorly defined or very irregular, “this should be in a natural tone,” warns the specialist. Another point where the tattoo is used a lot is in the eyebrows, whose request is common in older women. Actually, this procedure makes the woman look very young, but all this goes in the quality of the tattoo artist or expert so that the effect is well done.


Victoria Morante (1), Betty Sandoval (2) Patricia Chávez De Paz (3)

(1) Assistant Physician of the Dermatology Service of Dos de Mayo Hospital. Assistant Professor of Dermatology UNMSM. UP
(2) Assistant Physician of the Dermatology Service of Hospital Grau. ESSALUD. Pro, guest professor of dermatology UPCH. Associate Professor UNMSM.
(3) Resident of third year of Dermatology of Dos de Mayo Hospital.

Micropigmentation is a technology that is developing and requires years of experience and training. Permanent Makeup is a micro pigment implant in the skin (epidermis) that can be applied to the eyebrows, edge of the eyes and edge of the lips, with a device designed for this purpose.
The most important aspect of micropigmentation is to obtain a uniformity of tones.
The purpose of micropigmentation in medicine is to correct pigment loss or discoloration (Vitiligo) (1, 1, 6).


Permanent Makeup originated in East Asia, mainly in Hong Kong and Taiwan. The procedure was modified from the tattoo, in China and Japan. The difference is that the tattoo requires a deeper penetration of the pigment into the skin (dermis) and the colors are not removable.
The Permanent Makeup pigment is implanted in the epidermis, 0.07 mm, so the color can be removable. Color lasts approximately 5 to 7 years


Micropigmentation is the introduction of pigment granules, of different shades, into the dermal tissue, with the aid of very thin needles, which are connected to a Dermograph (electric or electronic), responsible for provoking the necessary back and forth movements. That the pigment is deposited in the r


From the histopathological point of view, the skin undergoing a dermopigmentation process passes through four stages (ZWERLING, 1986).

First stage: After the treatment is carried out, there is inflammation secondary to trauma, caused by repeated penetration of the needles to deposit the pigment. In this phase there is an increase in vascular permeability and serous exudate, with an increase in the migration of leucocytes and macrophages by chynotaxis. Free pigment particles can be seen in the epidermis and dermis.

Second stage: The process of healing begins, with the formation of a small crust on a superficial level.

Leukocytes are replaced by lymphocytes, cosinophils, giant cells, and plasma cells. At this stage, the macrophages begin ingesting pigment particles. The formation of the sample, which lasts about 4-5 days, gives the impression that the color has darkened; This deceptive appreciation disappears when the crust falls.

Third phase: It starts around day 10 post treatment. In this period the repair of the epidermis, remodeling of the collagen of the dermis and redistribution of the pigment particles takes place, being eliminated the granules that had been deposited in the upper layers of the epidermis by cellular renewal.
In this phase there is a decrease in the tonality for two reasons:
Loss of crust.
Removal of the pigment from the first layers of the epidermis by cell renewal,

Fourth stage: Total dermis repair occurs. The pigment particles are distributed between the collagen fibers and around the capillaries of the dermis. The granules located near the hair bulbs are quickly removed by sebaceous secretion, resulting in a greater loss of color, just at the hair margins. Few macrophages are observed.


Vitiligo and leucodennia localized Alopecia of eyebrows or eyelashes.
Correction of scars.
Pigmentation of bowels after mastectomies, etc. Lip augmentation technique.
Demarcation of cleft lip.
Blepharopigmentation in people with excessive bleeding. Comfort.
Pigmentation of dark circles, etc.



The devices used in Dermopigmentación consist of an engine, which transmits movements of reciprocating to the tip, in which the needles are inserted.
The needles usually have a diameters ranging from 0.25 to 1.75 mm (depending on the device). You can use heads for 1, 3.5 and 8 needles, depending on the work to be performed
The depth of penetration of the needle should be between 0.8 and 1.6 nim, to avoid permanent tattoos in the Jeaso of purely decorative dermopigmentations.


According to current legislation, Pigments for Mieropigmentation must meet the following requirements: on the labeling must be specified the composition, which must be known, batch, expiration date, company and manufacturer

– Do not be toxic.
– Do not irritate the tissues.
– Sterile of origin.
– Made up of inert ingredients (iron oxide).
– No density changes.
– Particles larger than 6 microns, so that the
Macrophages are more difficult to ingest and
Stay longer in the treated area.
– Low solubility (greater stability).

– Organic Pigments
– Inorganic Pigments

The organic pigment has as fundamental element in its composition the Carbon. They have some advantages but the drawbacks are larger (higher incidence of reactions – they are less stable – risk of migrations are formed by particles of different sizes). For this reason, inorganic pigments, whose fundamental composition is iron oxide (DELUALLE, 1997) (1, ‘, 1), are more advisable.

Benefits of inorganic pigments:

– Possibility of allergies, practically nil. However, it is
Prudent to practice an allergy test behind the ear.
– Particulates of large particles, thus avoiding degradation. ?? Greater fixation, the color is degraded foriria more uniform.

Disadvantages of inorganic pigments:
– Less bright and intense colors.
– Be careful with the colors white and beige because they contain in their composition titanium oxide, zinc oxide and the particles are large (more than 15 microns); Both reasons make difficult its elimination.


It is essential, to be a good technician in Dermopigmentation, to know the basic rules by which colors are governed; So we will avoid long-term surprises, with changes in the color chosen primarily.


Some people require anesthesia and some do not.
– Anesthesia jelly, 4% lidocaine gel. The skin achieves
A numbness within 15 minutes of its application.
– Anesthesia by injection in the area to work
– Anesthesia due to trunk block (infraorbital,
Supraorbital, etc.).

When we want to obtain a more intense, marked and fine line we will use less pointed needles, whereas if we want a thick but less dense tracing, we will get it with needles with a greater number of points.

The eyebrow, eyelid or lip are then drawn with a pencil, after which, after obtaining the shape of the outline, the nucropigments are applied, with a machine having a needle for the penetration of the pigment; The excess material will be wiped with a wet cotton swab; Will reapply until the desired color is achieved. The final color will appear approximately 7 to 15 days, after the crusting (1,4,5).
It is important to keep the skin very tight to avoid pinching it with the needle.
The angle of access to the skin at 90 degrees allows a well delimited tracing.
The pigment is on the surface of the skin; In the epidermis the depth may range from 0.07 to 0, 12 mm.
When using organic pigments, it is recommended to perform a patch test on the skin 30 days before its application; The area to be tested is behind the ear, where the pigment will be applied; This will show if the area where the implant will be made has some susceptibility to an adverse reaction. Since the ingredients of the organic pigments are different, it is necessary to perform a patch test separately for each pigment.
The apparatus for the penetration of the micropigments carries a needle attachment, which is disposable, so that the needle and the packaging for the needle; Therefore, it prevents some infection like AIDS, hepatitis, etc.

Summarizing the postoperative:
– In the first week there is an increase of the chosen tone. ?? In the 2 nd week there is a decrease.
– In the Y week stabilizes the color.
This is why it is not recommended to touch up before 21 days.

The use of the micropigment implant in Vitiligo is suggested when it comes to small lesions and when there is a stabilization of the process; The color is achieved by combining shades of light brown with peach color.

– Active dermatoses.
– History or evidence of keloids.
– Pregnancy.
– Psychiatric disorders (hypochondria, depression, etc.)? Blood dyscrasias

These are the 10 things you should know before you make a permanent makeup

10 Tips for Girls Who Wear Makeup

For many women, permanent make-up is an excellent option, especially if they do not have much time to dedicate themselves to their daily personalization. Even some famous ones have been encouraged to try it, but not all people can make use of this resource because it depends a lot on the skin type, the age and the allergies.

YOU CAN READ: 10 Tips for Girls Who Wear Makeup

Also, before deciding if you are going to opt for this treatment or you should not be informed of some important points about its advantages and disadvantages, both your health and your personal image. Find out here.


1. Permanent makeup can help increase your lip contour. This way a surgery will not be necessary.

2. They are a good choice for those who have a fine eyebrow, giving them volume, or color, or shape.

3. Permanent makeup should not be done on freckles, warts, moles or any skin lesions.

4. It is also recommended for those who have scars, helping to disguise them. But remember, the wounds must be completely closed.

5. Before doing this you should do a little test to know if your skin is allergic to the pigments used in the treatment. It requires this test, so you can avoid any further infection.

6. After the treatment you will have a small scab in the area and a slight swelling. This is normal, it will happen with the days. But do not neglect.

7. Permanent makeup can be applied in areas with vitiligo, but it is always advisable to consult with a dermatologist.

8 . The treatment lasts between one year and a half and two years. After the deadline you can give some tweaks to keep it.

9. No one can do it. It is important that you check where you will do the makeup. In this way you protect your health and you take care of a bad practice.

10 . Avoid the sun if you have done the treatment. You could get stained.

And do not forget to consult with a trusted dermatologist to do a previous analysis. Remember that prevention is always better than regret.

Micropigmentation or Permanent Makeup

Micropigmentation or Permanent Makeup

When I hear talk about permanent makeup , the first thing that comes to mind is the black line of the thick upper eyelid type “my beautiful genius” or those mouths outlined. After researching the subject, I realized that my concept about this type of makeup was somewhat limited, as I discovered that it can be more natural than I imagined, as well as having many benefits.

Although I still do not like the idea of ​​makeup 24 hours a day, it is inevitable to think of benefits like wake up list without makeup or leave a pool without running your makeup.

The first thing I discovered is that the micropigmentation is not completely permanent, as I thought, the pigments are absorbed by the skin losing the intensity of the color and last approximately one to two years, after this period must be retouched for an optimal result . The duration of this type of makeup will also depend on your care, factors such as exposure to UV rays, creams or treatments with peeling effect, or have very dry skin, will make your makeup semipermanent last less time.

This technique that was born in France, consists of introducing with a very fine needle , the pigments in the most superficial layer of the skin called epidermis. It is used for artistic, aesthetic and repair purposes . Today we will talk about the permanent makeup used for aesthetic purposes, which is used to:

  • Fill eyebrows
  • Upper or lower eye shaping
  • To draw lips
  • Draw polka dots
  • Make-up for people allergic to traditional cosmetics

The difference of this technique with a tattoo is:

  1. The length of the needle (in a tattoo is not limited the length),
  2. The amount of pigment to deposit (a tattoo uses much more pigment, they are stronger and intense with aggregates of lead)
  3. The depth of the skin to which the pigment comes (the micropigmentation penetrates up to 0.07mm of the epidermis, the tattoo is much deeper) and
  4. The duration (the tattoo lasts forever).

If you are thinking of doing a permanent makeup, you should be sure that the place where you do it complies with the rules of hygiene and cleanliness, with a professional expert in the subject and with the appropriate implements. The needles used should be disposable and sterilized, and the procedure should be performed with surgical gloves. You should also be concerned that before you start, you should have a color test and PH of the skin to avoid allergic reactions. This test also serves to match the applied color with that of the skin.

Types of Pigments:

  • Organic pigments : Their fundamental element is carbon, they have a higher percentage of probability to allergic reactions. They are less stable than the previous ones and they have more risk of migrations, because the size of the particles is more varied.
  • Non-organic pigments : Iron oxide is the fundamental element, the rate of allergic reactions is almost zero, but it is also recommended to do previous tests. It offers a greater fixation and guarantees a loss of color in a more gradual and uniform way, it avoids the migrations as the particles are bigger. The colors of non-organic pigments are less bright and intense.

The procedure should not last more than an hour and topical anesthesia is used. Before beginning to pigment, the expert marks the path to be followed, then introduces the pigments millimeter to millimeter by means of a needle connected to a demographer that generates movements of reciprocation that allows the pigments to be gradually falling off.

At the end of the procedure there is an inflammation caused by the repeated pentración of needles, in the next five days the treated area begins to heal, forming a superficial crust that falls on the fifth day, being able to appreciate the final result and it is recommended to reaffirm the procedure to carry out A control and a possible review after two weeks. Throughout this process, it is essential to take care of UV rays.


  • Diabetes
  • People with coagulation problems.
  • Recent hepatitis.
  • It is not done on freckles, warts, moles or skin lesions.
  • Pregnant
  • AIDS
  • People who are on chemotherapy.
  • People with a tendency to develop blemishes on the skin.
  • People with a lot of flaccidity in the eye area may be asymmetrical.
  • Do not pigment vascularized areas or scars from cancerous lesions.